“Most people probably think that inflammation in the brain is something bad and that you should inhibit the inflammatory system in case of illness. But inflammation doesn’t just have to be negative,” explained Joana B. Pereira, a researcher at Lund University and Karolinska Institute.
A new study demonstrates that a certain type of activation of the brain’s own immune cells, microglia cells, triggers inflammatory protective mechanisms in the immune system. Microglia cells can either slow or drive disease progression in neurological diseases depending on how they’re activated. Researchers at Lund University and Karolinska Institute explored how these cells can be triggered to slow down Alzheimer’s disease.